screw


screw
n. & v.
—n.
1 a thin cylinder or cone with a spiral ridge or thread running round the outside (male screw) or the inside (female screw).
2 (in full wood-screw) a metal male screw with a slotted head and a sharp point for fastening things, esp. in carpentry, by being rotated to form a thread in wood etc.
3 (in full screw-bolt) a metal male screw with a blunt end on which a nut is threaded to bolt things together.
4 a wooden or metal straight screw used to exert pressure.
5 (in sing. or pl.) an instrument of torture acting in this way.
6 (in full screw-propeller) a form of propeller with twisted blades acting like a screw on the water or air.
7 one turn of a screw.
8 (foll. by of) Brit. a small twisted-up paper (of tobacco etc.).
9 Brit. (in billiards etc.) an oblique curling motion of the ball.
10 sl. a prison warder.
11 Brit. sl. an amount of salary or wages.
12 coarse sl. a an act of sexual intercourse. b a partner in this.
Usage:
Usually considered a taboo use.
13 sl. a mean or miserly person.
14 sl. a worn-out horse.
—v.
1 tr. fasten or tighten with a screw or screws.
2 tr. turn (a screw).
3 intr. twist or turn round like a screw.
4 intr. (of a ball etc.) swerve.
5 tr. a put psychological etc. pressure on to achieve an end. b oppress.
6 tr. (foll. by out of) extort (consent, money, etc.) from (a person).
7 tr. (also absol.) coarse sl. have sexual intercourse with.
Usage:
Usually considered a taboo use.
8 intr. (of a rolling ball, or of a person etc.) take a curling course; swerve.
9 intr. (often foll. by up) make tenser or more efficient.
Phrases and idioms:
have one's head screwed on the right way colloq. have common sense. have a screw loose colloq. be slightly crazy. put the screws on colloq. exert pressure, esp. to extort or intimidate. screw cap = screw top. screw-coupling a female screw with threads at both ends for joining lengths of pipes or rods. screw eye a screw with a loop for passing cord etc. through instead of a slotted head. screw gear an endless screw with a cog-wheel or pinion. screw hook a hook to hang things on, with a screw point for fastening it. screw-jack a vehicle jack (see JACK(1)) worked by a screw device. screw pine any plant of the genus Pandanus, with its leaves arranged spirally and resembling those of a pineapple. screw-plate a steel plate with threaded holes for making male screws. screw-tap a tool for making female screws. screw top (also (with hyphen) attrib.) a cap or lid that can be screwed on to a bottle, jar, etc. screw up
1 contract or contort (one's face etc.).
2 contract and crush into a tight mass (a piece of paper etc.).
3 summon up (one's courage etc.).
4 sl. a bungle or mismanage. b spoil or ruin (an event, opportunity, etc.). screw-up n. sl. a bungle, muddle, or mess. screw valve a stopcock opened and shut by a screw.
Derivatives:
screwable adj. screwer n.
Etymology: ME f. OF escroue female screw, nut, f. L scrofa sow

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Screw — (skr[udd]), n. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe, female screw, F. [ e]crou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef a screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr[=u]fa.] 1. A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • screw — [skro͞o] n. [ME screwe < MFr escroue, hole in which the screw turns < L scrofa, sow, infl. by scrobis, vulva] 1. a) a mechanical device for fastening things together, consisting essentially of a cylindrical or conical piece of metal… …   English World dictionary

  • Screw — Screw, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Screwed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Screwing}.] 1. To turn, as a screw; to apply a screw to; to press, fasten, or make firm, by means of a screw or screws; as, to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • screw — screw·able; screw; screw·drive; screw·driv·er; screw·er; screw·less; screw·man; un·screw; cork·screw; …   English syllables

  • screw — ► NOUN 1) a thin, sharp pointed metal pin with a raised spiral thread running around it and a slotted head, used to join things together by being rotated in under pressure. 2) a cylinder with a spiral ridge or thread running round the outside… …   English terms dictionary

  • screw up — {v. phr.}, {slang}, {semi vulgar}, {best avoided} 1. To make a mess of, to make an error which causes confusion. * /The treasurer screwed up the accounts of the Society so badly that he had to be fired./ 2. To cause someone to be neurotic or… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • screw up — {v. phr.}, {slang}, {semi vulgar}, {best avoided} 1. To make a mess of, to make an error which causes confusion. * /The treasurer screwed up the accounts of the Society so badly that he had to be fired./ 2. To cause someone to be neurotic or… …   Dictionary of American idioms

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  • screw-up — noun count usually singular INFORMAL a situation in which someone makes a big mistake: There s been a big screw up with the mailing list no one s received the invitations. another government screw up …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • screw up — (something) to spoil or damage something. You couldn t screw up much worse than I did. Somehow the lawyer screwed up my appointment again. This is detailed work, and people screw it up once in a while …   New idioms dictionary


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